Solar energy is one of the most sustainable energy sources, which can convert light into electricity. Solar panels power the building, allowing workers to use renewable energy for daily work. Equipping facilities with solar panels is one of the most environmentally friendly actions within the infrastructure. Solar panels are not only good for the environment by eliminating greenhouse gas emissions and reducing the use of fossil fuels, but they can also save on electricity bills.
Solar panels do not function properly in all conditions, and certain factors can affect efficiency.
Learn how to use these four tips to improve the efficiency of solar panels and increase their energy.
Shading is the primary inhibitor of solar panels because it is a form of shading. Darkness is not necessarily the same as a cloudy sky; although those days produce less electricity from the panels, they cannot completely block the sun. In low light, the panel still receives sunlight and converts, which is just a minor conversion.
Why: The solar shading strips are efficient because of the way they are installed inside each other. A single panel has battery packs connected to increase the voltage. Even if a small part of the panel is shaded, the energy conversion of the entire module will be reduced.
Solution: The natural shadows, or the most extensive damage to solar panels, are nearby trees and infrastructure obstacles, such as chimneys and vents. Although it is almost impossible to move the chimney, pruning is required if the tall trees are not entirely removed.
Weather conditions are an essential factor affecting the performance of solar panels. Snow and hail are aggravating factors that inhibit solar panels, but not enough to prevent them from working entirely. The snowboard retains enough heat to melt the snow, and hail cannot pass through the solar panel glass because most boards in the United States can withstand speeds of 1 inch or less than 50 miles per hour. Surprisingly, warm temperatures are the main factor affecting the efficiency of solar panels.
Why: Although it is strange, hot weather is not as conducive to energy conversion as you think. A British study found that after 42 degrees or 107 degrees Fahrenheit, the conversion rate of solar panels would drop by 1.1% for every Celsius increase. The decline in production occurred in summer weather, starting at 8791 degrees Fahrenheit. This negative effect of high temperature is because the generation of electricity depends on the movement of electrons.
Solution: On hotter days, less energy is required to excite electrons, so less energy is transferred from the sun to solar cells. In short, the calm and sunny weather can achieve the most effective efficiency of the solar panel.
3. Orientation Problem
Solar panels facing a specific direction, such as east or north, are considered incorrectly oriented.
Why: The direction of the solar panel refers to the position of the solar panel in order. This can be problematic because they depend on sunlight, and certain places cannot provide the best sunlight for them.
Solution: Solar panels should be placed in as much sunlight as possible. In America, they should look south. They should also look to the west, especially during peak power demand periods, as mentioned above, this is during the summer. There is always a debate about which direction is better, south or west. In the end, both the west and south-facing panels will benefit from the orientation of the solar panels. The only difference in the change between the two directions is due in part to the period. For example, when the panel is facing west, there is a maximum conversion of sunlight at 37 o’clock in the afternoon. In the summer, the west-facing panels also received a further modification. But each year, the best position is determined to be around 219 degrees.
4. Maintenance Fee
Solar panels are not immune to common blockages like dust and dirt.
Why: These clogs block solar cells, reducing exposure to sunlight and reducing efficiency. They will accumulate over time, and the more clogged, the lower the efficiency of the solar panel.
Solution: When it comes to solar panel maintenance, there is no need for much care. Conservation of solar panels requires light maintenance, such as regular cleaning. Dust can be removed with soapy water and wet wipes. Sometimes only rain can remove the dust in the module. There is no standard for cleaning frequency. The frequency of cleaning solar panels depends mainly on their power output. As you get older, cleaning them more frequently will keep them away from dirt, grime, and other obstacles. Solar panel efficiency grade solar panel efficiency is not only determined by the above factors.
The efficiency of a solar panel is measured by a rating, which represents the percentage of sunlight entering the panel that is converted into electrical energy. This is the so-called conversion rate. The most common high-efficiency solar panel has a nominal power range of 1115%. The utilization rate of the most efficient solar panels is approximately 20.1%. For now, the most efficient solar cell has a conversion rate of up to 44%. This is due in part to the multi-junction hub. Solar panels with lower conversion rates require a larger surface area to operate as efficiently as solar panels.
Read our blog on Is solar energy worth it in Australia?